1921
Volume 102, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645
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Abstract

Abstract.

The impact of HIV infection on the burden of gastrointestinal pathogens in Myanmar is poorly defined. Stools of 103 HIV-infected and 105 HIV-uninfected adult outpatients at a tertiary referral hospital in Yangon were examined microscopically. Stool antigen tests for infection were positive in 63/103 (61%) HIV-infected and 61/105 (58%) HIV-uninfected patients ( = 0.65). Soil-transmitted helminth infections were much less common, occurring in 9/103 (9%) HIV-infected and 13/103 (13%) HIV-uninfected patients ( = 0.50). One HIV-uninfected patient had , but there were no cases of , , , , , or infection in the entire cohort. Despite the high prevalence of , only 1/208 (0.5%) had ever received eradication, compared with 159/208 (76%) who had ever been dewormed. appears to be an underappreciated pathogen in Myanmar. Its strong association with gastric cancer and peptic ulcer disease necessitates a more aggressive approach to its management.

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  • Received : 30 Sep 2019
  • Accepted : 13 Jan 2020
  • Published online : 24 Feb 2020
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