Volume 102, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Children who travel internationally to visit friends and relatives (VFRs) are at risk for travel-related illness, but underuse pretravel health services. Although primary care clinics can identify travelers and address pretravel health needs, to date, there are few published reports on effective primary care–based pretravel interventions. We developed a quality improvement initiative to increase traveler identification at a primary care clinic serving families that frequently travel to VFRs. Interventions included a screening question asked at all clinic visits, provider and staff training, travel fliers, and health recommendation sheets for families. Interventions were implemented during 2017 and 2018 peak travel seasons. Travel visit rates and characteristics during the intervention period were compared with pre-intervention baseline periods (April–August, 2015–16). Surveys with providers were conducted to assess disruptiveness of the interventions, and rates of duplicate travel visits were assessed. A total of 738 unique travel events were identified during peak travel seasons from 2015 to 2018, encompassing travel to 29 countries across five continents. Overall, there were 428 unique travel events (3.0% of all clinic visits) during peak seasons 2017–18, compared with 310 unique travel events (2.2% of all clinic visits) during peak seasons 2015–16 (rate ratio 1.34 [95% CI: 1.16–1.56], < 0.001). None of the 18 healthcare providers or staff surveyed found new travel screening processes to be disruptive or bothersome. Implementation of a primary care–based multimodal travel screening and education initiative was associated with a significantly increased rate of travel visits.


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  • Received : 26 Aug 2019
  • Accepted : 22 Dec 2019
  • Published online : 02 Mar 2020
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