image of Identification of Bartonella rochalimae in Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus) and Fleas Collected from Rural Peruvian Households
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645


In the present study, we tested 391 fleas collected from guinea pigs () (241 species, 110 , and 40 ) and 194 fleas collected from human bedding and clothing (142 species, 43 , five , and four ) for the presence of DNA. We also tested 83 blood spots collected on FTA cards from guinea pigs inhabiting 338 Peruvian households. DNA was detected in 81 (20.7%) of 391 guinea pig fleas, in five (2.6%) of 194 human fleas, and in 16 (19.3%) of 83 guinea pig blood spots. Among identified species, was the most prevalent in fleas (89.5%) and the only species found in the blood spots from guinea pigs. Other species detected in fleas included (3.5%), (2.3%), and an undescribed species (4.7%). Our results demonstrated a high prevalence of zoonotic in households in rural areas where the research was conducted and suggested a potential role of guinea pigs as a reservoir of this bacterium.

[open-access] This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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  • Received : 11 Jul 2019
  • Accepted : 15 Sep 2019
  • Published online : 28 Oct 2019
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