Volume 101, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a major health problem worldwide. Although CL is a common disease among children, treatment regimens for the pediatric age group are based on extrapolation of efficacy data in adults. The present study aimed to evaluate the treatment outcome of CL in preschool-age children and the factors influencing the outcome. Two hundred ninety-four children were diagnosed with CL between December 2018 and March 2019 in Sinjar Province, Iraq. All patients were treated with intralesional injections of sodium stibogluconate and followed up for 3 months after the completion of treatment. The treatment success rate was 99% (291/294). A statistically significant association was found between the number of doses per lesion and the number of lesions ( = 0.002; CI = 0.066–0.2875). No association was found between the number of lesions, age, gender, or the presence of livestock and the treatment outcome. In conclusion, treatment success rate was high with the use of intralesional injection of sodium stibogluconate. A significant association was found between the number of lesions and the number of doses. Further studies are required to assess the treatment outcome indicators, including the genotype of leishmania.


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  • Received : 06 Jul 2019
  • Accepted : 07 Aug 2019
  • Published online : 16 Sep 2019

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