1921
Volume 101, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

Bartonellae are emerging vector-borne pathogens infecting various domestic and wild mammals. Blood samples were collected from 66 dogs at two locations near Hamedan, Iran. Twenty dogs were rescued stray dogs and 46 dogs were from a breeding colony, with many of them infested with fleas, ticks, or lice. Serology was performed using an indirect immunofluorescent antibody test for , , and subsp. . Seroprevalence was 74.2% (range: 65.2–95%). DNA amplification and sequencing identified subsp. type III in seven dogs, including five rescued dogs. Two dogs were infected with and three dogs with , including two of the stray dogs coinfected with subsp. . Rescued stray dogs were 10 times (odds ratio (OR) = 10.13, 95% CI: 1.24–82.7; = 0.03) more likely to be seropositive and eight times (OR = 8.82, 95% CI: 2.68–29.11; = 0.0004) more likely to be flea-infested than breeding dogs, confirming that arthropod infestation is a major risk factor for these infections.

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  • Received : 03 May 2019
  • Accepted : 08 Jul 2019
  • Published online : 19 Aug 2019
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