Volume 101, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



This study aimed to identify the clinical and laboratory manifestations that affect outcome of scorpion envenomation in children. It included 154 children admitted with scorpion sting envenomation over a period of 2 years. The epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory findings of patients were recorded, and grading of severity was performed based on local and systemic involvement. Organ failure was determined according to diagnostic criterion of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, and severity of illness was assessed by the Pediatric Risk of Mortality (PRISM III) score. Of studied children, 58.4% were males and 41.6% were females. Children aged > 5 years suffered more scorpion stings (79.9%) than others did. The place of residence was rural more than urban, outdoor stings more than indoors, nocturnal more than diurnal, and most stings were on the exposed areas of the limbs. Based on clinical evaluation, 37.7% of patients were classified as class I severity followed by class II (48.7%) and class III (13.6%). Among studied cases, 21 deaths (13.6%) were registered; all of them belonged to class III severity. Mortality was significantly higher in children with agitation, coma, convulsions, arrhythmia, heart failure, pulmonary edema, and priapism. There were significantly higher values of leukocytes, platelets, creatinine, liver enzymes, glucose, and creatine phosphokinase in non-survivors than in survivors. The presence of organ failure was associated with mortality. In addition, the need for mechanical ventilation and inotropic support were at increased risk of mortality. Moreover, a significant association was found between PRISM score and the number of failed organs with fatal outcome.


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  • Received : 26 Apr 2019
  • Accepted : 12 Jul 2019
  • Published online : 12 Aug 2019

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