Volume 102, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



During the 2016 Zika pandemic in Brazil, women’s perceptions of infection risk, ability to adhere to Zika prevention strategies, or access to services following exposure were not emphasized in the public health response. Women in Fortaleza, Brazil, responded to a questionnaire on social factors related to perceived Zika risk and access to health care in June 2016. Data were coded using prespecified categories, and response frequency was reported. Of 37 respondents, most reported a lack of public services to support mosquito control ( = 19) or delayed access to reproductive health care ( = 14). Only 22% described specific maternal risks or fetal outcomes as a consequence of Zika infection. Respondents indicated an overall disconnect between public health efforts and women’s perceptions of their reproductive control, including limited support concerning microcephaly in infants. Interventions targeting Zika may require a greater emphasis on strengthening health systems and infrastructure to realistically prevent transmission.


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  • Received : 23 Apr 2019
  • Accepted : 15 Dec 2019
  • Published online : 13 Jan 2020
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