1921
Volume 102, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645
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Abstract

Abstract.

We investigated the prevalence of hypertension in Ghana using the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) criteria and compared with prevalence estimates using the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC7) criteria. Among 13,220 Ghanaians aged 15–49 years, the prevalence of hypertension was 30.4% (95% CI: 29.3–31.6) based on the 2017 ACC/AHA guideline compared with 12.8% (95% CI: 12.0–13.6) when using the JNC7 guideline. The overall increase in prevalence was 17.6% (95% CI: 16.8–18.6). The increment in prevalence was 19.0% (95% CI: 17.5–20.7) among men and 17.7% (95% CI: 16.1–18.2) among women. People aged 40–49 years had the highest prevalence (51.1%; 95% CI: 49.0–53.3). We used multiple logistic regressions to obtain odds ratios. Urban dwelling, tertiary education, or being in higher wealth status was significantly associated with the odds of hypertension. The 2017 ACC/AHA guideline resulted in a significant increase in the prevalence of hypertension in Ghana. Scaling up of existing prevention and control strategies for hypertension such as health education through already established community health implementation and planning programs as well as improved screening and diagnostic protocols for hypertension should be prioritized.

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Supplemental tables

  • Received : 10 Apr 2019
  • Accepted : 20 Feb 2020
  • Published online : 30 Mar 2020
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