1921
image of Safety and Immunogenicity of Live Oral Cholera Vaccine CVD 103-HgR in Children and Adolescents Aged 6–17 Years
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

The attenuated recombinant O1 vaccine strain CVD 103-HgR, redeveloped as PXVX0200, elicits a rapid serum vibriocidal antibody (SVA) response and protects against cholera-induced diarrhea in adult volunteer challenge trials but has not been studied in children in developed countries. We performed a phase 4, placebo-controlled, double-blind, multicenter study to assess the safety, immunogenicity, and tolerability of a single, oral dose of PXVX0200 in children and adolescents aged 6–17 years in the United States and bridged immunogenicity to adults aged 18–45 years from a separate lot consistency study. Volunteers were randomized to receive a single dose of 1 × 109 CFU of PXVX0200 or placebo. Immunogenicity endpoints included SVA levels on days 1, 11, and 29 in volunteers aged 6–17 years and also on days 91 and 181 in volunteers aged 12–17 years. Safety was assessed by comparing solicited signs and symptoms on days 1–8, unsolicited adverse events (AEs) through day 29, and serious AEs through day 181. A total of 374 participants were enrolled, comprising 321 vaccine and 53 placebo recipients. The SVA seroconversion rates 10 days after immunization were 98.6% and 2.1% in vaccine and placebo recipients, respectively, and the vaccine seroconversion rate was non-inferior to the 93.5% rate seen in adults aged 18–45 years. Most reactogenicity was mild to moderate, and there were no vaccine-related serious AEs. The complete dose was consumed in 95.3% and 98.1% of vaccine and placebo recipients, respectively. PXVX0200 appears safe, immunogenic, and well tolerated in children and adolescents aged 6–17 years.

[open-access] This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.19-0241
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  • Received : 29 Mar 2019
  • Accepted : 10 Oct 2019
  • Published online : 25 Nov 2019
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