1921
Volume 101 Number 4_Suppl
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

This article describes the functionality and effectiveness of a community-based acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance system designed and implemented by the CORE Group Polio Project (CGPP) in conflict-affected and inaccessible areas of South Sudan between October 2015 and September 2017. The findings are based on interviews with key informants and focus group discussions as well as data from the CGPP and the management information system of the WHO. Through the implementing partners, the CGPP identified and built the capacity of the community-based surveillance (CBS) system, a system consisting of county supervisors, payam (sub-county) assistants, and community key informants. This structure played a critical role in the identification and reporting of AFP cases. The CGPP also established partnerships with other key players–local and international–to reach greater numbers of people, particularly displaced populations. Evaluation findings show an increase from 0.0% to 56.4% of cases reported through the CBS system between January 2016 and June 2017, and 80.0% of the cases reported within WHO standards of 24–48 hours were through the CBS system, whereas 20.0% were through the facility-based system. The CBS system also recorded an increase from 36.0% in 2014 to 92.0% in December 2016 for the number of counties that were reporting AFP. A CBS system is, therefore, a valuable complement to facility-based surveillance in insecure environments or where the population has limited access to facilities. Community-based surveillance systems also have the potential to identify cases of other infectious diseases of public health importance.

[open-access] This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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  • Received : 08 Feb 2019
  • Accepted : 06 Mar 2019
  • Published online : 03 Oct 2019

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