1921
Volume 101, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

rVSVΔG-ZEBOV-GP vaccine is a live recombinant (r) vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), where the VSV G protein is replaced with the Zaire Ebola virus (ZEBOV) glycoprotein (GP). For vaccine immunogenicity testing, clinical trial sera collected during an active ZEBOV outbreak underwent gamma irradiation (GI) before testing in biosafety level 2 laboratories to inactivate possible wild-type ZEBOV. Before irradiating pivotal trial samples, two independent studies evaluated the impact of GI (50 kGy) on binding ZEBOV-GP (ELISA) antibodies against rVSVΔG-ZEBOV-GP, using sera from a North American phase 1 study. Gamma irradiation was associated with slightly higher antibody concentrations in pre-vaccination samples and slightly lower concentrations postvaccination. Results indicate that GI is a viable method for treating samples from regions where filoviruses are endemic, with minor effects on antibody titers. The impact of GI on immunogenicity analyses should be considered when interpreting data from irradiated specimens.

[open-access] This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Supplemental tables and figure

  • Received : 25 Jan 2019
  • Accepted : 01 Apr 2019
  • Published online : 03 Jun 2019

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