Volume 101, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Perceived exposure to mosquitoes plays a fundamental role in the adoption of a range of protective behaviors aiming to prevent and control mosquito-borne disease. However, it is largely unknown in the present literature to what extent perceived exposure is associated with actual exposure. Moreover, the perception of nuisance may depend on the natural environment in which human populations are living, and especially its epidemiological context. In this study, the hypothesis that perceived exposure is driven by mosquito abundance was tested in two different geographic areas. We compared a range of perceived nuisance measures—collected through questionnaires—with egg number measured within ovitraps located in the south of France, which has been recently colonized by an arbovirus vector, and La Martinique island, a tropical French territory, which has a long history of outbreaks of mosquito-borne pathogens. Unexpectedly, only the nuisance due to mosquito noise was correlated with ovitrap activity in southern France. All other perceived exposure measures, both in the south of France and in Martinique, were not correlated with egg number surrounding households investigated. These results suggest the existence of habituation effects that may disturb the engagement in adaptive behaviors in the face of change in the entomological conditions.

[open-access] This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Zeller H, L’équipe du Programme ‘Maladies Émergentes et à Transmission Vectorielle’ ECDC; , 2009. Les arboviroses tropicales et leurs enjeux pour l’Europe: rôle du centre européen pour la prévention et le contrôle des maladies (ECDC). Trop Med 69: 336338. [Google Scholar]
  2. Bardes J, 2016. La mobilisation sociale contre Aedes albopictus inventaire des méthodes, outils et synthèse des expériences. PLoS One 68. [Google Scholar]
  3. Gujral IB, Zielinski-gutierrez EC, Lebailly A, Nasci R, , 2007. Behavioral risks for West Nile virus. Emerg Infect Dis 13: 419425. [Google Scholar]
  4. Balenghien T, Desenclos JC, Lecollinet S, Malin E, Yebakima Y, Fontenille D, , 2009. Quelles sont les Pratiques et les Modalités d’ Évaluation de la LAV ? La Lutte Antivectorielle en France, , ed. Marseille, France: IRD Editions, 350375. [Google Scholar]
  5. Courbet D, Joule RV, Fourquet-Courbet MP, Joule R, Bernard F, Blanc, N, , 2013. Communication persuasive et communication engageante pour la santé: favoriser des comportements sains avec les médias, internet et les serious games. , ed. Publicité et Santé : Des Liaisons Dangereuses le Point de vue de la Psychologie, 2146. [Google Scholar]
  6. Raude J, MCColl K, Flamand C, Apostolidis T, , 2019. Understanding health behaviour changes in response to outbreaks: findings from a longitudinal study of a large epidemic of mosquito-borne disease. Social Science & Medicine 230: 184193. [Google Scholar]
  7. Desclaux A, Annabel DDL, , 2006. Les femmes africaines face à l’épidémie de sida. Populations et Sociétés 428: 14. [Google Scholar]
  8. Fritzell C, Raude J, Kazanji M, Flamand C, , 2018. Emerging trends of Zika apprehension in an epidemic setting. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 12: e0006167. [Google Scholar]
  9. Institut de Veille Sanitaire, 2018. Recommandations sanitaires pour les voyageurs. Bull Épidémiologique Hebd 16–17: 261311. [Google Scholar]
  10. Gaillard B, Communication strategies in vector control: is it better to suggest rather than to repeat? EcoHealth (submitted). [Google Scholar]
  11. Oviedo Celina H, Campo-Arias A, , 2005. Aproximación al uso coeficiente alfa de Cronbach. Rev Colomb Psquiatría 34: 572580. [Google Scholar]
  12. R Development Core Team, 2017. R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing, vol. 1. R Foundation for Statistical Computing. New York, NY: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co, 12630. [Google Scholar]
  13. Baglan H, Lazzari C, Guerrieri F, , 2017. Learning in mosquito larvae (Aedes aegypti): habituation to a visual danger signal. J Insect Physiol 98: 160166. [Google Scholar]
  14. André Y, Schucht G, Vernerey M, Mouchet J, , 1979. Situation d’ Aedes aegypti en Martinique et considération sur la stratégie de lutte. Cah L’ORSTOM 17: 213219. [Google Scholar]
  15. Claeys-Mekdade C, Nicolas L, , 2009. Le moustique fauteur de troubles. Ethnol Française 39: 109116. [Google Scholar]
  16. Delaunay P, Jeannin C, Schaffner F, Marty P, , 2009. Actualités, 2008 sur la présence du moustique tigre Aedes albopictus en France métropolitaine. Arch Pédiatrie 16: S66S71. [Google Scholar]
  17. Cornet M, Valade M, Dieng P, , 1974. Note technique sur l’utilisation des pondoirs-pièges dans une zone rurale boisée non habitée. Cah Orstom, Série Entomol Médicale Parasitol 12: 217219. [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 24 Jan 2019
  • Accepted : 19 May 2019
  • Published online : 23 Sep 2019

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error