Volume 101, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



We aimed to investigate the epidemic situation of tuberculosis (TB) in prisons in the central region of China. Tuberculosis screening was carried out in two prisons in middle China. A sum of 3,459 prisoners accepted chest X-ray examination; 40 of them were diagnosed as active TB patients. The active TB prevalence (1,156/10) was significantly higher than that of the province and China’s general population ( < 0.01). As for gender, TB prevalence in men’s prison (1,589/10) was higher than that in the women’s prison (946/10). Nevertheless, the risk of having TB in women’s prison was much higher than that in the men’s prison when compared with the TB prevalence from the province (women: OR = 2.37, 95% CI: 1.34, 4.22; men: OR = 1.53, 95% CI: 0.90, 2.60) and the China’s general population (women: OR = 3.30, 95% CI: 2.15, 5.09; men: OR = 2.06, 95% CI: 1.29, 3.30). In view of the severe epidemic situation of TB in prisons, integrating medical resources to establish a consummate and effective management system is necessary.


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  • Received : 15 Dec 2018
  • Accepted : 13 May 2019
  • Published online : 08 Jul 2019
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