Volume 101, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Medication adherence is critical to the effectiveness of benznidazole (BZ) therapy for the treatment of Chagas disease. Assessing BZ adherence using traditional plasma sampling methods presents numerous challenges in resource-limited settings. Dried blood spot (DBS) sampling of BZ can be used to overcome logistical barriers and provides a less invasive method for assessing BZ levels. A BZ DBS assay using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was developed and applied to a clinical study of infants and children being treated with BZ for infection in Argentina. The assay was validated over a concentration range of 9.8–5,000 ng/mL. Inter-assay and intra-assay measures ranged from −2.9% to 2.7% and 0.5% to 8.3% for accuracy and from 3.5% to 12% and 1.6% to 13.6% for precision, respectively. The mean recovery of BZ was greater than 91%. Partitioning ratios for DBSs/plasma ranged from 0.95 to 1.02. A cohort of 10 infants and six children with infection being treated with BZ had median BZ concentrations of 1.2 (IQR 0.29, 2.14) µg/mL with seven of 65 (11%) samples above the BZ treatment goal of 3 μg/mL for adults. The reported DBS assay is a simple and accurate method for the quantitative measurement of BZ that can be applied to facilitate urgently needed clinical studies of BZ for the treatment of Chagas disease and assess BZ adherence in resource-limited settings.


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  • Received : 23 Oct 2018
  • Accepted : 02 Apr 2019
  • Published online : 20 May 2019

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