1921
Volume 100, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645
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Abstract

Abstract.

Leptospirosis is a neglected zoonotic bacterial disease caused by pathogenic spp. Only limited studies have been conducted on the presence of spp. in rats in Antananarivo, the capital city of Madagascar. We assessed prevalence in small mammals in urban areas of Antananarivo where sanitation is inadequate and there is risk of flooding during the rainy season. We captured rodents and shrews at two sites and examined kidney samples from 114 animals using culture and a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay specific to pathogenic spp. We identified 23 positive samples containing and , with a high prevalence in (44.9%). Our results indicate that small mammals, in particular , present a major public health risk for acquiring leptospirosis in Antananarivo.

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  • Received : 04 Aug 2018
  • Accepted : 02 Oct 2018
  • Published online : 25 Mar 2019

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