Volume 100, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Rodents are the most prominent animal host of spp., which are associated with an increasing number of human diseases worldwide. Many rodent species thrive in urban environments and live in close contact with people, which can lead to an increased human risk of infection from rodent-borne pathogens. In this study, we explored the prevalence and distribution of spp. in rodents in urban, developing, and rural environments surrounding a growing city in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo. We found that although spp. infection was pervasive in most rodent species sampled, prevalence was highest in urban areas and infection was most commonly detected in the predominant indigenous rodent species sampled (). Within the urban environment, parks and remnant green patches were significantly associated with the presence of both and spp., indicating higher localized risk of infection for people using these environments for farming, foraging, or recreation.


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Supplemental figure and tables

  • Received : 27 Jul 2018
  • Accepted : 10 Nov 2018
  • Published online : 10 Dec 2018

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