Volume 100, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The dengue situation in the urban setting of Hanoi city, Vietnam, is emerging, focusing on inner districts. Previous studies showed that a dengue vector control program in Hanoi was not effective because of the lack of adequate engagement of the local government authorities, health sector, and community. This implementation research aimed to explore barriers to implementing community engagement in a dengue vector control program in an urban district of Hanoi city. Ten in-depth interviews and 14 focus group discussions were conducted at Lang Thuong, Khuong Thuong, Tho Quan, and Kim Lien wards in Dong Da district, Hanoi city. Data collection was implemented from April to June 2017. All discussions were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed using the content analysis approach. Secondary data from the dengue vector control program reports were used to support the qualitative evidence. We found that the barriers to implementing effective community engagement were as follows: 1) lack of interest and an attitude of dependency on action from the health sector of local people’s committee, 2) lack of enthusiasm of mass organizations and community leaders, 3) overburdened workloads and lack of communication skills from health sector, 4) low awareness and readiness from community, 5) lack of detailed policy guidelines and low enforcement of related policy, and 6) limited budget. Recommended actions should be made to improve the community engagement in the current resource-limited context of Vietnam by both top-down and bottom-up approaches.


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  • Received : 15 May 2018
  • Accepted : 08 Dec 2018
  • Published online : 14 Jan 2019

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