Volume 100, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



We evaluated differences in pretravel care, exposures, and illnesses among pediatric and adult travelers, using a prospective, observational cohort. Eighty-one pediatric travelers were matched 1:1 with adult military dependents by travel region, destination’s malaria risk, and travel duration. Pediatric travelers were more likely to have coverage for hepatitis A and B (90% versus 67% of adults; 85% versus 44%), visit friends and relatives (36% versus 16%), report mosquito bites (69% versus 44%), and have close contact with wild or domesticated animals (40% versus 20%) than adults ( < 0.05). Subjects < 10 years of age were less likely to be prescribed antibiotics (28% versus 95%; RR = 0.63; 95% CI: 0.46–0.85) and antidiarrheals (9% versus 100%; RR = 0.10; 95% CI: 0.03–0.29) for travelers’ diarrhea (TD) self-treatment than adults. Travel medicine providers should emphasize strategies for vector avoidance, prevention of animal bites and scratches, and TD self-treatment in pediatric pretravel consultations.


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Supplemental table

  • Received : 25 Apr 2018
  • Accepted : 13 Feb 2019
  • Published online : 25 Mar 2019

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