Volume 99, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



HIV-positive adults on treatment for multi drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) experience high mortality. Biomarkers of HIV/MDR-TB treatment response may enable earlier treatment modifications that improve outcomes. To determine whether changes in C-reactive protein (CRP), D-dimer, and fibrinogen were associated with treatment outcome among those with HIV/MDR-TB coinfection, we studied 20 HIV-positive participants for the first 16 weeks of MDR-TB therapy. Serum CRP, fibrinogen, and D-dimer were measured at baseline and serially while on treatment. At baseline, all biomarkers were elevated above normal levels, with median CRP 86.15 mg/L (interquartile range [IQR] 29.25–149.32), D-dimer 0.85 µg/mL (IQR 0.34–1.80), and fibrinogen 4.11 g/L (IQR 3.75–6.31). C-reactive protein decreased significantly within 10 days of treatment initiation and fibrinogen within 28 days; D-dimer did not change significantly. Five (25%) participants died after a median of 32 days. Older age (median age of 38 among survivors and 54 among deceased, = 0.008) and higher baseline fibrinogen (3.86 g/L among survivors and 6.37 g/L among deceased, = 0.02) were significantly associated with death. After adjusting for other measured variables, higher CRP concentrations at the beginning of each measurement interval were significantly associated with a higher risk of death during that interval. Trends in fibrinogen and CRP may be useful for evaluating early response to treatment among individuals with HIV/MDR-TB coinfection.


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  • Received : 16 Apr 2018
  • Accepted : 13 Jul 2018
  • Published online : 17 Sep 2018

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