Volume 99, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Hookworm disease caused by , , and affects half a billion people worldwide. The prevalence and intensity of infection of individual hookworm species are vital for assessing morbidity and generating targeted intervention programs for their control. The present study aims to evaluate a multiplex real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay to determine the prevalence and egg intensity of all three hookworm species and compare this with standard microscopy and published genus-based conventional and real-time multiplex qPCRs. Performance of the diagnostic assays was evaluated using DNA extracted from 192 fecal samples collected as part of a soil-transmitted helminth (STH) survey in northern Cambodia. The prevalence of hookworms as detected by the multiplex hookworm qPCR of 84/192 (43.8%) was significantly higher than that using microscopy of 49/192 (25.5%). The hookworm multiplex qPCR showed very good agreement for the detection of both (Kappa 0.943) and spp. (Kappa 0.936) with a multiplex STH qPCR. A strong and moderate quantitative correlation between cycle threshold and eggs per gram (EPG) feces was obtained for the hookworm qPCR for seeded DNA egg extracts ( ≥ 0.9004) and naturally egg-infected individuals ( = 0.6848), respectively. The newly developed hookworm quantitative multiplex qPCR has the potential for application in anthelmintic efficacy trials and for monitoring the success of mass deworming programs targeting individual species of anthroponotic and zoonotic hookworms.

[open-access] This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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  • Received : 31 Mar 2018
  • Accepted : 05 Aug 2018
  • Published online : 17 Sep 2018

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