Volume 99, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Timely identification and treatment of malaria transmission “hot spots” is essential to achieve malaria elimination. Here we investigate the relevance of using an salivary biomarker to estimate malaria exposure risk along the Thailand–Myanmar border to guide malaria control. Between May 2013 and December 2014, > 9,000 blood samples collected in a cluster randomized control trial were screened with serological assays to measure the antibody responses to salivary antigen (gSG6-P1) and malaria antigens (circumsporozoite protein, merozoite surface protein 119 [MSP-1]). infections were monitored through passive and active case detection. Seroprevalence to gSG6-P1, MSP-1, and CSP were 71.8% (95% Confidence interval [CI]: 70.9, 72.7), 68.6% (95% CI: 67.7, 69.5), and 8.6% (95% CI: 8.0, 9.2), respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that individuals with the highest Ab response to gSG6-P1 had six times the odds of being positive to CSP antigens ( < 0.001) and two times the odds of infection compared with low gSG6-P1 responders ( = 0.004). Spatial scan statistics revealed the presence of clusters of gSG6-P1 that partially overlapped infections. The gSG6-P1 salivary biomarker represents a good proxy for estimating malaria risk and could serve to implement hot spot–targeted vector control interventions to achieve malaria elimination.


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  • Received : 30 Jan 2018
  • Accepted : 19 Apr 2018
  • Published online : 04 Jun 2018

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