Volume 99, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Leishmaniasis is a major neglected tropical disease associated with high rates of disability and death. This disease is associated with poverty, which can be reflected in housing quality, especially in rural areas. This systematic review found that mud walls with cracks and holes, damp, and dark houses were risk factors for transmission of leishmaniasis. These characteristics create favorable conditions for sand fly breeding and resting as sand flies prefer humidity, warmth, and protection from sunlight during the day. Housing interventions might be a promising research area with a special focus on education as individual and collective protection for the effective control of leishmaniasis.


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  • Received : 16 Jan 2018
  • Accepted : 28 Jul 2018
  • Published online : 29 Oct 2018

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