Volume 99, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Recent outbreaks of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection confirm the vulnerability of neonates after vertical transmission. In 2014, CHIKV was reported for the first time in the Americas, including the island of Curaçao. We describe the outcomes of symptomatic neonates with vertically transmitted CHIKV infection during the CHIKV epidemic, who were admitted in the Saint Elisabeth Hospital, Willemstad, Curaçao. There were three symptomatic neonates with serologically confirmed infection. Two neonates developed neurological complications, including convulsions and intracerebral bleeding. One newborn, in whom maternal infection occurred 7 weeks before delivery, had a fatal outcome after birth. Maternal-fetal transmission of CHIKV may cause severe neonatal complications. There is a need to share experiences and to implement protocols toward the management of perinatal CHIKV infection.


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  • Received : 07 Dec 2017
  • Accepted : 16 Aug 2018
  • Published online : 15 Oct 2018

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