Volume 98, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Controlled Human Malaria Infection (CHMI) has become an increasingly important tool for the evaluation of drugs and vaccines. Controlled Human Malaria Infection has been demonstrated to be a reproducible model; however, there is some variability in time to onset of parasitemia between volunteers and studies. At our center, mosquitoes infected with by membrane feeding have variable and high salivary gland sporozoite load (mean 78,415; range 26,500–160,500). To determine whether this load influences parasitemia after CHMI, we analyzed data from 13 studies. We found no correlation between the sporozoite load of a mosquito batch and time to parasitemia or parasite density of first-wave parasitemia. These findings support the use of infected mosquito bite as a reproducible means of inducing infection and suggest that within this range, salivary gland sporozoite load does not influence the stringency of a CHMI.


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  • Received : 06 Dec 2017
  • Accepted : 05 Feb 2018
  • Published online : 30 Apr 2018

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