Volume 98, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

There is no abstract available for this article.

[open-access] This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. GBD, 2016. Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators, 2017. Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 328 diseases and injuries for 195 countries, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet 390: 12111259.
  2. Hotez PJ, Brooker S, Bethony JM, Bottazzi ME, Loukas A, Xiao S, , 2004. Hookworm infection. N Engl J Med 351: 799807.
  3. Kassebaum NJ, 2014. A systematic analysis of global anemia burden from 1990 to 2010. Blood 123: 615624.
  4. Bundy DA, Chan MS, Savioli L, , 1995. Hookworm infection in pregnancy. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 89: 521522.
  5. Brooker S, Hotez PJ, Bundy DA, , 2008. Hookworm-related anaemia among pregnant women: a systematic review. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2: e291.
  6. Brooker S, Clements AC, Hotez PJ, Hay SI, Tatem AJ, Bundy DA, Snow RW, , 2006. The co-distribution of Plasmodium falciparum and hookworm among African schoolchildren. Malar J 5: 99.
  7. Brooker S, Akhwale W, Pullan R, Estambale B, Clarke SE, Snow RW, Hotez PJ, , 2007. Epidemiology of Plasmodium-helminth co-infection in Africa: populations at risk, potential impact on anemia, and prospects for combining control. Am J Trop Med Hyg 77 (Suppl): 8898.
  8. Fleming AF, , 1994. Agriculture-related anaemias. Br J Biomed Sci 51: 345357.
  9. Christian P, Khatry SK, West KP, Jr, 2004. Antenatal anthelmintic treatment, birthweight, and infant survival in rural Nepal. Lancet 364: 981983.
  10. Hotez P, , 2008. Hookworm and poverty. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1136: 3844.
  11. Hotez PJ, Ferris MT, , 2006. The antipoverty vaccines. Vaccine 24: 57875799.
  12. Crosby WH, , 1985. The hematology of hookworm disease. Contribution of Bailey K. Ashford. P R Health Sci J 4: 113119.
  13. Crosby WH, , 1987. The deadly hookworm. Why did the Puerto Ricans die? Arch Intern Med 147: 577578.
  14. Darling ST, Smilie WG, , 1921. Studies on Hookworm Infection in Brazil, No. 14. Monogr. New York, NY: Rockefeller Institute of Medical Research, 42.
  15. Faust EC, , 1929. Human Helminthology. Philadelphia, PA: Lea & Febiger, 375.
  16. Chandler AC, , 1929. Hookworm Disease: Its Distribution, Biology, Epidemiology, Pathology, Diagnosis, Treatment and Control. New York, NY: Macmillan.
  17. Bleakley H, , 2007. Disease and development: evidence from hookworm eradication in the American south. Q J Econ 122: 73117.
  18. Weisbrod BA, Helminiak TW, , 1977. Parasitic diseases and agricultural labor productivity. Econ Dev Cult Change 25: 505522.
  19. Gilgen D, Mascie-Taylor CGN, Roetta L, , 2001. Intestinal helminth infections, anaemia, and labour productivity of female tea pluckers in Bangladesh. Trop Med Int Health 6: 449451.
  20. Guyatt H, , 2000. Do intestinal nematodes affect productivity in adulthood? Parasitol Today 16: 153158.
  21. Baird S, Hicks JH, Kremer M, Miguel E, , 2016. Worms at work: long-run impacts of a child health investment. Q J Econ 131: 16371680.
  22. Jullien S, Sinclair D, Garner P, , 2016. The impact of mass deworming programmes on schooling and economic development: an appraisal of long-term studies. Int J Epidemiol 45: 21402153.
  23. Taylor-Robinson DC, Maayan N, Soares-Weiser K, Donegan S, Garner P, , 2015. Deworming drugs for soil-transmitted intestinal worms in children: effects on nutritional indicators, haemoglobin, and school performance. Cochrane Database Syst Rev CD000371.
  24. Croke K, Hicks JH, Hsu E, Kremer M, Miguel E, , 2017. Should the WHO withdraw support for mass deworming? PLoS Negl Trop Dis 11: e0005481.
  25. Belluz J, , 2015. Worm Wars: The Fight Tearing Apart The Global Health Community, Explained. https://www.vox.com/2015/7/24/9031909/worm-wars-explained. Accessed December 22, 2017.
  26. Salmon M, 2018. Albendazole treatment improves work capacity in women smallholder farmers infected with hookworm: a double-blind randomized control trial. Am J Trop Med Hyg 98: 14191426.
  27. Lo NC, 2017. A call to strengthen the global strategy against schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis: the time is now. Lancet Infect Dis 17: e64e69.
  28. Turner HC, Truscott JE, Anderson RM, , 2016. Cost-effectiveness of community-wide treatment for helminthiasis. Lancet Glob Health 4: e156.
  29. Hotez PJ, Molyneux DH, Fenwick A, Kumaresan J, Sachs SE, Sachs JD, Savioli L, , 2007. Control of neglected tropical diseases. N Engl J Med 357: 10181027.
  30. Hotez PJ, Mistry N, Rubinstein J, Sachs JD, , 2011. Integrating neglected tropical diseases into AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria control. N Engl J Med 364: 20862089.
  31. Hotez P, , 2011. A handful of ‘antipoverty’ vaccines exist for neglected diseases, but the world’s poorest billion people need more. Health Aff (Millwood) 30: 10801087.
  • Received : 01 Dec 2017
  • Accepted : 01 Dec 2017

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error