1921
Volume 99, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

We present a rare case of an Indian immigrant suffering from concomitant infection of and spotted fever group . We discuss the scarce reports of dual infections from the developing world and the related diagnostic challenges.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0770
2018-07-30
2019-11-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/99/4/tpmd170770.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0770&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Keysary A, Strenger C, , 1997. Use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay techniques with cross-reacting human sera in diagnosis of murine typhus and spotted fever. J Clin Microbiol 35: 10341035. [Google Scholar]
  2. Kato CY, Chung IH, Robinson LK, Austin AL, Dasch GA, Massung RF, , 2013. Assessment of real-time PCR assay for detection of Rickettsia spp. and Rickettsia rickettsii in banked clinical samples. J Clin Microbiol 51: 314317. [Google Scholar]
  3. Leitner M, Yitzhaki S, Rzotkiewicz S, Keysary A, , 2002. Polymerase chain reaction-based diagnosis of Mediterranean spotted fever in serum and tissue samples. Am J Trop Med Hyg 67: 166169. [Google Scholar]
  4. Basnyat B, , 2016. Typhoid versus typhus fever in post-earthquake Nepal. Lancet Glob Health 4: e516e517. [Google Scholar]
  5. Murdoch DR, Woods CW, Zimmerman MD, Dull PM, Belbase RH, Keenan AJ, Scott RM, Basnyat B, Archibald LK, Reller LB, , 2004. The etiology of febrile illness in adults presenting to Patan hospital in Kathmandu, Nepal. Am J Trop Med Hyg 70: 670675. [Google Scholar]
  6. Premaratna R, Nawasiwatte BM, Niriella MA, Chandrasena TG, Bandara NK, Rajapakse RP, de Silva HJ, , 2010. Scrub typhus mimicking enteric fever; a report of three patients. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 104: 309310. [Google Scholar]
  7. Adejumo A, Olabige O, Sivapalan V, , 2009. Fatal dual infection with Salmonella and Mycobacterium avium complex infection in a patient with advanced acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: a case report. Cases J 2: 6773. [Google Scholar]
  8. Nogueras MM, Roson B, Lario S, Sanfeliu I, Pons I, Anton E, Casanovas A, Segura F, , 2015. Coinfection with “Rickettsia sibirica subsp. mongolotimonae” and Rickettsia conorii in a human patient: a challenge for molecular diagnosis tools. J Clin Microbiol 53: 30573062. [Google Scholar]
  9. Rolain JM, Gouriet F, Brouqui P, Larrey D, Janbon F, Vene S, Jarnestrom V, Raoult D, , 2005. Concomitant or consecutive infection with Coxiella burnetii and tickborne diseases. Clin Infect Dis 40: 8288. [Google Scholar]
  10. Sexton DJ, 1998. Dual infection with Ehrlichia chaffeensis and a spotted fever group Rickettsia: a case report. Emerg Infect Dis 4: 311316. [Google Scholar]
  11. Grynik A, Shaukat S, Htut EE, Karas JA, , 2012. An unusual dual infection with Salmonella bredeney, including bacteraemia, and enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157 that posed a therapeutic dilemma. J Med Microbiol 61: 14801482. [Google Scholar]
  12. Chowdhury G, Sarkar A, Pazhani GP, Mukhopadhyay AK, Bhattacharya MK, Ramamurthy T, , 2013. An outbreak of foodborne gastroenteritis caused by dual pathogens, Salmonella enterica serovar Weltevreden and Vibrio fluvialis in Kolkata, India. Foodborne Pathog Dis 10: 904906. [Google Scholar]
  13. Adhikary R, Joshi S, , 2011. Dual Salmonella typhi infection. Indian J Pathol Microbiol 54: 849850. [Google Scholar]
  14. Sow A, 2016. Concurrent malaria and arbovirus infections in Kedougou, southeastern Senegal. Malar J 15: 47. [Google Scholar]
  15. Parker TM, Murray CK, Richards AL, Samir A, Ismail T, Fadeel MA, Jiang J, Wasfy MO, Pimentel G, , 2007. Concurrent infections in acute febrile illness patients in Egypt. Am J Trop Med Hyg 77: 390392. [Google Scholar]
  16. Mahajan SK, Kaushik M, Raina R, Thakur P, , 2014. Scrub typhus and malaria co-infection causing severe sepsis. Trop Doct 44: 4345. [Google Scholar]
  17. Epelboin L, Hanf M, Dussart P, Ouar-Epelboin S, Djossou F, Nacher M, Carme B, , 2012. Is dengue and malaria co-infection more severe than single infections? A retrospective matched-pair study in French Guiana. Malar J 11: 142. [Google Scholar]
  18. Blacksell SD, Sharma NP, Phumratanaprapin W, Jenjaroen K, Peacock SJ, White NJ, Pukrittayakamee S, Day NP, , 2007. Serological and blood culture investigations of Nepalese fever patients. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101: 686690. [Google Scholar]
  19. Sharma Y, Arya V, Jain S, Kumar M, Deka L, Mathur A, , 2014. Dengue and typhoid co-infection—study from a government hospital in north Delhi. J Clin Diagn Res 8: DC09DC11. [Google Scholar]
  20. Kamath SR, Ranjit S, , 2006. Clinical features, complications and atypical manifestations of children with severe forms of dengue hemorrhagic fever in south India. Indian J Pediatr 73: 889895. [Google Scholar]
  21. Seow CW, Logarajah V, Tan NWH, , 2017. Typhoid and scrub typhus coinfection in a returned traveler. Glob Pediatr Health 4: 2333794X17726941. [Google Scholar]
  22. Mazumder RN, Pietroni MA, Mosabbir N, Salam MA, , 2009. Typhus fever: an overlooked diagnosis. J Health Popul Nutr 27: 419421. [Google Scholar]
  23. Ormsbee R, Peacock M, Philip R, Casper E, Plorde J, Gabre-Kidan T, Wright L, , 1978. Antigenic relationships between the typhus and spotted fever groups of rickettsiae. Am J Epidemiol 108: 5359. [Google Scholar]
  24. Sompolinsky D, Boldur I, Goldwasser RA, Kahana H, Kazak R, Keysary A, Pik A, , 1986. Serological cross-reactions between Rickettsia typhi, Proteus vulgaris OX19, and Legionella bozemanii in a series of febrile patients. Isr J Med Sci 22: 745752. [Google Scholar]
  25. Breitschwerdt EB, Davidson MG, Aucoin DP, Levy MG, Szabados NS, Hegarty BC, Kuehne AL, James RL, , 1991. Efficacy of chloramphenicol, enrofloxacin, and tetracycline for treatment of experimental Rocky Mountain spotted fever in dogs. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 35: 23752381. [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0770
Loading
  • Received : 02 Oct 2017
  • Accepted : 24 Jun 2018
  • Published online : 30 Jul 2018

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error