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image of Therapeutic Response to Dihydroartemisinin–Piperaquine for P. falciparum and P. vivax Nine Years after Its Introduction in Southern Papua, Indonesia
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Dihydroartemisinin–piperaquine (DHP) has been the first-line treatment of uncomplicated malaria due to both and infections in Papua, Indonesia, since March 2006. The efficacy of DHP was reassessed to determine whether there had been any decline following almost a decade of its extensive use. An open-label drug efficacy study of DHP for uncomplicated and malaria was carried out between March 2015 and April 2016 in Timika, Papua, Indonesia. Patients with uncomplicated malaria were administered supervised DHP tablets once daily for 3 days. Clinical and laboratory data were collected daily until parasite clearance and then weekly for 6 weeks. Molecular analysis was undertaken for all patients with recurrent parasitemia. A total of 129 study patients were enrolled in the study. At day 42, the polymerase chain reaction-adjusted efficacy was 97.7% (95% confidence intervals [CI]: 87.4–99.9) in the 61 patients with malaria, and 98.2% [95% CI: 90.3–100] in the 56 patients with malaria. By day 2, 98% (56/57) of patients with and 96.9% (63/65) of those with had cleared their peripheral parasitemia; none of the patients were still parasitaemic on day 3. Molecular analysis of parasites showed that none (0/61) had K13 mutations associated previously with artemisinin resistance or increased copy number of 2–3 (0/61). In the absence of artemisinin resistance, DHP has retained high efficacy for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria despite extensive drug pressure over a 9-year period.

[open-access] This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0662
2018-01-15
2018-02-20
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http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0662
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  • Published online : 15 Jan 2018
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