Volume 98, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Visceral leishmaniasis, a neglected tropical disease, is the third most common opportunistic disease in immunosuppressed patients, such as those affected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Although the reports have been characterized as /HIV coinfections, the occurrence of a mixed infection by two species in HIV-positive patients is rare. Here, we present an atypical case of disseminated cutaneous leishmaniasis (DCL) in a 26-year-old HIV-positive man. The diagnosis of DCL was established using skin biopsy and histopathology examinations and confirmed by molecular techniques. This is the first case of a /HIV coinfection due to a mixed infection of / in Iran.


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  • Received : 20 Jun 2017
  • Accepted : 04 Oct 2017
  • Published online : 20 Nov 2017

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