1921
Volume 98, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

During the time periods of June 2015 and from July to August 2016, sandflies were collected among seven collection sites of the three leishmaniasis endemic villages of Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia. A total of 690 sandflies were captured and identified (380 males and 310 females). Four species belonging to genus () and two species belonging to genus were identified. DNA was detected in four out of 310 females (one and three ). The overall sensitivity of the gene detection reached 76%. The concurrent presence of and vectors, the analysis of blood-meals, together with the detection of in , confirms the ultimate conditions for the transmission of the disease in center Tunisia. These results expand the known epidemiological area of distrubtion of leishmaniasis and its vectors in this part of Tunisia, highlighting the need for ongoing entomological and parasitological surveillance.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0313
2018-01-10
2019-03-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/98/1/tpmd170313.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0313&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Killick‐Kendrick R, , 1990. Phlebotomine vectors of the leishmaniases: a review. Med Vet Entomol 4: 124. [Google Scholar]
  2. Dereure J, , 1999. Réservoirs de leishmanies. Les leishmanioses. Collection Médecine Tropicale de L’Aupelf-Uref. París: Marketing/Ellipses, 109127.
  3. Schönian G, Mauricio I, Gramiccia M, Cañavate C, Boelaert M, Dujardin J-C, , 2008. Leishmaniases in the Mediterranean in the era of molecular epidemiology. Trends Parasitol 24: 135142. [Google Scholar]
  4. Murphy WJ, Eizirik E, O’Brien SJ, Madsen O, Scally M, Douady CJ, Teeling E, Ryder OA, Stanhope MJ, de Jong WW, , 2001. Resolution of the early placental mammal radiation using Bayesian phylogenetics. Science 294: 23482351. [Google Scholar]
  5. Haouas N, Pesson B, Boudabous R, Dedet J-P, Babba H, Ravel C, , 2007. Development of a molecular tool for the identification of Leishmania reservoir hosts by blood meal analysis in the insect vectors. Am J Trop Med Hyg 77: 10541059. [Google Scholar]
  6. Lewis D, , 1974. The biology of Phlebotomidae in relation to leishmaniasis. Annu Rev Entomol 19: 363384. [Google Scholar]
  7. Maroli M, Bettini S, , 1997. Past and present prevalence of Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Italy. Parasite 4: 273276. [Google Scholar]
  8. Yaghoobi-Ershadi M, Javadian E, Kannani A, , 1995. Host preference pattern of phlebotomine sandflies of Borkhar rural district, Isfahan province, Iran. Acta Trop 60: 155158. [Google Scholar]
  9. Svobodova M, Sadlova J, Chang K-P, Volf P, , 2003. Short report: distribution and feeding preference of the sand flies Phlebotomus sergenti and P. papatasi in a cutaneous leishmaniasis focus in Sanliurfa, Turkey. Am J Trop Med Hyg 68: 69. [Google Scholar]
  10. Rodrigues SC, Maruniak JE, , 2006. Blood meal identification from mosquitoes collected at a commercial alligator farm. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 22: 557560. [Google Scholar]
  11. Bongiorno G, Habluetzel A, Khoury C, Maroli M, , 2003. Host preferences of phlebotomine sand flies at a hypoendemic focus of canine leishmaniasis in central Italy. Acta Trop 88: 109116. [Google Scholar]
  12. Dereure J, Rioux J-A, Gallego M, Perieres J, Pratlong F, Mahjour J, Saddiki H, , 1991. Leishmania tropica in Morocco: infection in dogs. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 85: 595. [Google Scholar]
  13. Jaouadi K, Haouas N, Chaara D, Gorcii M, Chargui N, Augot D, Pratlong F, Dedet J-P, Ettlijani S, Mezhoud H, , 2011. First detection of Leishmania killicki (Kinetoplastida, Trypanosomatidae) in Ctenodactylus gundi (Rodentia, Ctenodactylidae), a possible reservoir of human cutaneous leishmaniasis in Tunisia. Parasit Vectors 4: 159. [Google Scholar]
  14. Benito-De Martín M, Gracia-Salinas M, Molina-Moreno R, Ferrer-Dufol M, Lucientes-Curdi J, , 1994. Influence de la nature du sang ingéré sur les paramčtres gonotrophiques de Phlebotomus perniciosus sous conditions de laboratoire. Parasite 1: 409411. [Google Scholar]
  15. Martín-Martín I, Molina R, Rohoušová I, Drahota J, Volf P, Jiménez M, , 2014. High levels of anti-Phlebotomus perniciosus saliva antibodies in different vertebrate hosts from the re-emerging leishmaniosis focus in Madrid, Spain. Vet Parasitol 202: 207216. [Google Scholar]
  16. Ben Ismail R, , 1993. Incrimination de Phlebotomus perniciosus comme vecteur de Leishmania infantum. Arch Inst Pasteur Tunis 70: 91110. [Google Scholar]
  17. Chargui N, Haouas N, Slama D, Gorcii M, Jaouadi K, Essabbah‐Aguir N, Mezhoud H, Babba H, , 2013. Transmission of visceral leishmaniasis in a previously non‐endemic region of Tunisia: detection of Leishmania DNA in Phlebotomus perniciosus. J Vector Ecol 38: 15. [Google Scholar]
  18. Lewis DJ, , 1982. A taxonomic review of the genus Phlebotomus (Diptera: Psychodidae). Bull Br Mus 45: 121209. [Google Scholar]
  19. Baum M, de Castro EA, Pinto MC, Goulart TM, Baura W, do Rocio Klisiowicz D, da Costa-Ribeiro MCV, , 2015. Molecular detection of the blood meal source of sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a transmission area of American cutaneous leishmaniasis, Paraná State, Brazil. Acta Trop 143: 812. [Google Scholar]
  20. Paternina LE, Verbel-Vergara D, Romero-Ricardo L, Pérez-Doria A, Paternina-Gómez M, Martínez L, Bejarano EE, , 2016. Evidence for anthropophily in five species of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from northern Colombia, revealed by molecular identification of bloodmeals. Acta Trop 153: 8692. [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0313
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0313
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 14 Apr 2017
  • Accepted : 14 Oct 2017

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error