Volume 97, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) infections cause high morbidity and mortality, and high costs to patients and hospitals. The study aims were to determine the frequency of MDRO colonization and associated factors in patients with lower-extremity wounds with colonization. A cross-sectional study was designed during November 2015 to July 2016 in a tertiary care hospital in Lima, Peru. A wound swab was obtained for culture and susceptibility testing. MDRO colonization was defined if the culture grew with methicillin-resistant , vancomycin-resistant enterococci, and/or extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) microorganisms. The frequency of MDRO wound colonization was 26.8% among the 97 patients enrolled. The most frequent MDRO obtained was ESBL-producing , which was significantly more frequent in chronic wounds versus acute wounds (17.2% versus 0%, < 0.05). Infection control measures should be implemented when patients with chronic lower-extremity wounds are admitted.


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  • Received : 23 Mar 2017
  • Accepted : 07 May 2017
  • Published online : 19 Jun 2017

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