Volume 97, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Malaria continues to be imported into Japan. To better assess the risk of imported malaria, we describe malaria species, suspected country/area of infection (accounting for the number of travelers), demographic characteristics, clinical manifestation, and healthcare access, based on the national surveillance data from 2006 to 2014. Among 557 cases, the median age was 33 years (range: 1–83 years), and 76% were male; 306 (55%) were classified as Japanese based on the reported name. The majority were infections (58%), followed by infections (30%). Most cases were acquired in Africa and in Asia/Oceania. Notification rates per 10,000 Japanese travelers for were highest for Africa, were highest for Asia/Oceania, and high for both species for Papua New Guinea. Ten percent of the cases were clinically severe at the time of notification. Nearly 80% of severe cases were infections, and among cases, Japanese ethnicity was associated with severe case status ( = 0.03). cases among Japanese cases showed that older age (≥ 50 years) was associated with severe case status (odds ratio = 5.4; 95% confidence interval = 1.9–15.2), adjusted for sex and healthcare access. More informative assessments are possible by accounting for the number of travelers. Older Japanese represent an important demographic to target prevention and early treatment efforts for malaria.


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  • Received : 07 Mar 2017
  • Accepted : 15 Jun 2017
  • Published online : 21 Aug 2017
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