Volume 97, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Old World species of typically cause visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis. Mucosal involvement is typically seen with infection by species found in South America, usually after the healing of cutaneous leishmaniasis. We present five imported cases of mucosal leishmaniasis caused by Old World Mediterranean exclusively affecting the nasal mucosa or vocal cord. In only one case was there a recollection of a preceding cutaneous lesion compatible with cutaneous Leishmaniasis. Of significance was that four out of five cases were receiving local corticosteroids for chronic lung disorders and four were systemically immunosuppressed. This report highlights the importance of considering mucosal leishmaniasis in the differential diagnosis in those presenting with upper respiratory tract mucosal lesions with a relevant travel history to the Mediterranean and in whom malignancy has been excluded.


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  • Received : 02 Mar 2017
  • Accepted : 10 May 2017
  • Published online : 24 Jul 2017

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