Volume 97, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Intraventricular neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a severe form of NCC requiring prompt diagnosis and treatment. We aimed to assess the reliability of the most recent version of diagnostic criteria for this form of NCC. Two systematic literature reviews were performed; one included case reports of patients with intraventricular cysticercosis and the other included case reports of patients with intraventricular cystic lesions or granulomas caused by infections other than NCC. All assessed cases were categorized according to the last revision of the long-standing Del Brutto’s set of diagnostic criteria to determine its sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value for this form of NCC. The search disclosed 128 patients with intraventricular NCC and 41 with other infections. The set of diagnostic criteria classified as definitive NCC 93 cases with intraventricular NCC (sensitivity 72.7%, 95% CI, 63.9–79.9%), as well as four cases with other infections (specificity 90.2%, 95% CI, 75.9–96.8%). The positive and negative predictive values of the criteria were 0.96 (95% CI, 0.89–0.99) and 0.51 (95% CI, 0.39–0.63), respectively. The revised Del Brutto’s set of diagnostic criteria for NCC is acceptably sensitive and highly specific for diagnosing patients with the ventricular form of the disease.


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Supplemental Appendix

  • Received : 27 Jan 2017
  • Accepted : 20 Jun 2017
  • Published online : 31 Jul 2017

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