Volume 96, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



From November to December 2012 in Sélingué-Mali, blood samples from 88 febrile patients who tested negative by malaria Paracheck rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) were used to assess the presence of sub-RDT as well as , , and applying molecular tools. sp. was present among 57 (60.2%) of the 88 malaria RDT–negative patients, whereas the prevalence of , , and were 3.4% ( = 3), 1.1% ( = 1), and 0.0%, respectively. The additional diagnostic use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) identified a high proportion of sp.-positive samples and although this may be a concern for malaria control, the respective PCR-identified malaria infections were less likely responsible for the observed fevers given the low parasite density. Also, the low infection levels of and and lack of among the febrile patients call for further studies to assess the causes of fever among malaria RDT–negative patients in Sélingué.


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  • Received : 26 Aug 2016
  • Accepted : 30 Sep 2016
  • Published online : 08 Feb 2017

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