1921
Volume 97, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645
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Abstract

Abstract.

In 2010, Haiti suffered from a devastating earthquake; data on the impact on the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic are limited. From January to June 2013, we conducted active case finding at the household level in a slum in Port-au-Prince. Community health workers identified individuals with cough ≥ 2 weeks, and referred them for evaluation. Contact tracing was conducted for patients with active TB. Of an estimated 7,500 residents screened, 394 (5%) had cough and were tested for TB. One hundred (25%) were diagnosed with active TB; 53 (53%) were smear positive. Ninety of these TB index cases provided 317 contacts, and 44 (14%) were diagnosed with active TB; 17 (39%) were smear positive. Overall, 144 TB cases were detected in 6 months (1,920/100,000; national estimate 200/100,000). We found a high burden of undiagnosed TB in Port-au-Prince 3 years after the earthquake. Further assessment of the burden of TB is indicated.

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/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.16-0674
2017-08-02
2017-11-23
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  • Received : 16 Aug 2016
  • Accepted : 06 Apr 2017

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