Volume 96, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



and are flea-borne rickettsiae that are distributed throughout the world. This mini-review outlines the ecology and epidemiology of flea-borne rickettsioses; highlights important clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic considerations; and discusses areas of uncertainty regarding and other rickettsiae harbored by fleas.

[open-access] This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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  • Received : 30 Jun 2016
  • Accepted : 20 Sep 2016
  • Published online : 11 Jan 2017

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