Volume 95, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



is a soil-transmitted helminth widely diffused in tropical areas. Chronic infection is usually characterized by absent or mild symptoms, but immunocompromised subjects are at risk of developing a severe syndrome that can be fatal if not promptly treated. We report a case of infection causing severe anemia (hemoglobin 4.9 g/dL) and a lung nodule in a 14-year-old girl of Ethiopian origin adopted by an Italian couple. Severe anemia due to strongyloidiasis has been rarely reported, and mostly in severely ill patients, whereas our patient was immunocompetent and in good general conditions. Also, lung nodules have been only occasionally described in absence of respiratory symptoms. We discuss the management of patients with these findings, and we suggest to update the screening of immigrants from countries endemic for strongyloidiasis, including serology.


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  • Received : 20 Jun 2016
  • Accepted : 27 Jul 2016
  • Published online : 02 Nov 2016

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