Volume 95, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) diagnosis is routinely performed by invasive liver, spleen, bone marrow, or lymph node biopsies, followed by microscopic identification of the parasites. Conventional serological tests cannot distinguish active disease from asymptomatic VL or from cured infection. Here, we report the initial validation of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) assembled to detect the / antigens iron superoxide dismutase 1 (), tryparedoxin 1 (), and nuclear transport factor 2 () as a tool to monitor therapeutic efficacy of VL. The assembled ELISA detected the antigens in the urine samples from seven VL patients before initiation of therapy. Importantly, the antigens were no longer detected in all patients after completion of the treatment. These preliminary observations point to a promising tool to follow treatment efficacy of VL.


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  • Received : 14 Apr 2016
  • Accepted : 25 Jun 2016
  • Published online : 05 Oct 2016

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