Volume 96, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Some observations and recent publications demonstrated, particularly in Africa, the potential influence that low-cost motorcycles, cell phones, and even widespread electrification could have on the evolution of infectious diseases, particularly zoonoses. Our reflections support the conclusion that we should focus on the real-time surveillance systems including alerting systems leading to a rapid and flexible response rather than the strongly limited modeling of infectious diseases because of the continuous evolution of microorganisms, as well as changes in the environment and human habits that are unpredictable.


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  • Received : 14 Apr 2016
  • Accepted : 23 Dec 2016
  • Published online : 30 Jan 2017

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