1921
Volume 97, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

The increase in severe dengue (SD) cases has caused great impact on public health and has concerned authorities of countries where the disease is endemic and epidemics reach high proportions. The recognition of progression signs of this severe disease during the initial febrile phase can be difficult, since the symptoms are often indistinguishable from other febrile diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical manifestations and laboratory findings in patients from two dengue outbreaks and their association with the disease. The study was conducted in patients ( = 153) with signs and symptoms consistent with dengue occurred during two distinct epidemics, 2010 and 2013, in the city of Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. According to the 2009 World Health Organization criteria, patients were classified as dengue without warning signs ([DwoWS] 60.6%, 57/94), dengue with warning signs ([DwWS] 30.9%, 29/94), and SD (4.25%, 4/94). Patients with DwWS/SD presented lower platelet and leukocyte counts and higher transaminase levels when compared with the DwoWS ones. Interestingly, patients from the epidemic of 2010 caused by dengue virus 2 (DENV-2) had lower platelet counts than patients of the 2013 epidemic caused by DENV-4. Furthermore, plasma leakage, gastrointestinal bleeding, and pleural effusion, hallmarks for a more severe disease, were also more frequently observed in those cases. Although previous studies may have extensively reported the wide range of the clinical aspects of dengue, the characterization of DENV-4 is desirable considering the burden of the disease during epidemics, especially for the health units and hospitals performing patient's management.

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  • Received : 21 Mar 2016
  • Accepted : 27 Sep 2016

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