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Control and Elimination of Plasmodium vivax Malaria: The Evidence Base
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract

Azerbaijan in the south caucasus region of far southeastern Europe has a long history of malaria endemicity but just successfully eliminated local transmission. After a period of relatively stable malaria situation (1960–1970), the country witnessed an epidemic followed by a series of outbreaks of various magnitudes in the following two decades, all caused by . Compared with 1993, the number of malaria cases in the country jumped 29 times in 1994, 123 times in 1995, and 571 times in 1996 at the peak of the epidemic, when 13,135 cases were officially registered. Incidence rate increased dramatically from 0.2/100,000 population in 1991 to over 17/100,000 population in 1996. Scaled-up malaria control led to the containment of the epidemic and to a dramatic decrease of malaria burden nationwide. Azerbaijan has applied contemporary, complex control and surveillance strategies and approaches and is currently in the prevention of reintroduction phase. This article describes Azerbaijan's public health experience in conducting malaria control and elimination interventions over several decades until 2013 when the country reached an important milestone—no indigenous malaria cases were recorded.

[open-access] This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.16-0173
2016-12-28
2017-09-19
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References

  1. State Statistics Committee of Azerbaijan, 2013. Annual Report for 2013. Available at: http://www.stat.gov.az/indexen.php.
  2. Abdullayev KI, , 1985. From the history on malaria control and elimination in Azerbaijan. Information No. 2. Analysis of experience of malaria control in Azerbaijan after becoming part of the Soviet Union (1920–1931). First stage. Important issues of medical parasitology and tropical medicine, No. 5, 912.
  3. Abdullayev KI, , 1985. From the history on malaria control and elimination in Azerbaijan. Information No. 3. Malaria prevalence in Azerbaijan (1920–1931). First stage. Important issues of medical parasitology and tropical medicine, No. 5, 1317.
  4. Abdullayev KI, , 1986. From the history on malaria control and elimination in Azerbaijan. Information No. 6. Elimination of malaria as mass diseases (1951–1960), third stage. Important issues of medical parasitology and tropical medicine, No. 6, 1520.
  5. Rustamov R, Rashidov SH, , 2007. Clinical, Hematological and Molecular Features of Hemoglobinopathies in Azerbaijan and its Prevalence on the Territory of the Country. Materials of the International Conference “Actual problems of Thalassemia.” Baku, Azerbaijan, May 10–11, 2007, 4568.
  6. Kondrashin AV, Baranova AM, Sergiyev VP, , 2010. Widespread use of primaquine for control of Plasmodium vivax epidemics in a population with varying degrees of G6PD deficiency [in Russian]. Med Parazitol (Mosk) 4: 2428.
  7. Minister of Health, 2008. National Malaria Elimination Strategy in Azerbaijan for the Years 2008–2013 (Approved by the Minister of Health of Azerbaijan on March 3, 2008). Baku, Azerbaijan: Minister of Health.
  8. Valibayov A, Ablullayev F, Mammadov S, Gasimov E, Sabatinelli G, Kondrachine AV, Ringwald P, , 2003. Clinical efficacy of chloroquine followed by primaquine for Plasmodium vivax treatment in Azerbaijan. Acta Trop 88: 99102.[Crossref]
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  • Received : 04 Mar 2016
  • Accepted : 19 Aug 2016

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