Volume 95, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



During August 2014, five high school students who had attended an outdoor education camp were hospitalized with a febrile illness, prompting further investigation. Ten total cases of tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF) were identified—six cases confirmed by culture or visualization of spirochetes on blood smear and four probable cases with compatible symptoms (attack rate: 23%). All patients had slept in the campsite's only cabin. Before the camp, a professional pest control company had rodent proofed the cabin, but no acaricides had been applied. Cabin inspection after the camp found rodents and ticks, the vector of TBRF. Blood samples from a chipmunk trapped near the cabin and from patients contained with identical gene sequences (100% over 630 base pairs). Health departments in TBRF endemic areas should consider educating cabin owners and pest control companies to apply acaricides during or following rodent proofing, because ticks that lack rodents for a blood meal might feed on humans.


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  • Received : 21 Jan 2016
  • Accepted : 16 Jun 2016
  • Published online : 07 Sep 2016

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