Volume 95, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The complementary feeding period is an important time for children's growth and development. This study was conducted to 1) determine the feeding behaviors of 6- to 36-month-old children in Myanmar, 2) explore health effects of feeding behaviors, and 3) determine factors associated with feeding behaviors. A total of 807 children and their mothers ( = 642) were recruited from nine villages in Kachin, Shan, and Kokang, Myanmar. Feeding behaviors and sociodemographic characteristics were investigated using a validated questionnaire. Hemoglobin and anthropometric indicators were measured during the fieldwork. In our sample, 18.6%, 72.7%, and 9.8% of children were introduced to complementary foods (CFs) earlier than 4 months of age, between 4 and 8 months of age, and later than 8 months of age, respectively. For different types of CFs, up to the age of 24.1–36 months, there were still 6.5% and 4.1% of the children who had never been introduced to eggs and meat. Introduction of CFs earlier than 4 months of age was a risk factor for being underweight (age-adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.7, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.2–2.5) and for stunting (OR = 1.6, 95% CI = 1.1–2.3), whereas introduction of CFs later than 8 months of age was a risk factor for anemia (OR = 3.5, 95% CI = 1.7–7.2). Mothers who had anemia (OR = 3.7, 95% CI = 2.0–6.9) tended toward early introduction of CFs. Women with a lower family income tended toward later introduction of CFs (OR = 2.0, 95% CI = 1.3–3.3). This study demonstrated that inappropriate feeding behavior was one of the important causes of malnutrition.


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  • Received : 07 Jan 2016
  • Accepted : 20 Apr 2016
  • Published online : 07 Sep 2016

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