1921
Volume 95, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract

The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first 6 months of life. However, the effect of EBF on malaria risk remains unclear. In the present study, 137 EBF infants and 358 non-EBF infants from the Democratic Republic of the Congo were assessed for fever and malaria infections by polymerase chain reaction, at 6 months of age. EBF was associated with a reduced risk of clinical malaria (odds ratio = 0.13; 95% confidence interval = 0.00–0.80), suggesting a protective effect of EBF against malaria.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.16-0011
2016-10-05
2017-12-11
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/95/4/827.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.16-0011&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. World Health Organization (WHO), 2014. World Malaria Report 2014. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO Press.
  2. Doolan DL, Dobano C, Baird JK, , 2009. Acquired immunity to malaria. Clin Microbiol Rev 22: 1336.[Crossref]
  3. Riley EM, Wagner GE, Ofori MF, Wheeler JG, Akanmori BD, Tetteh K, McGuinness D, Bennett S, Nkrumah FK, Anders RF, Koram KA, , 2000. Lack of association between maternal antibody and protection of African infants from malaria infection. Infect Immun 68: 58565863.[Crossref]
  4. Wilson PT, Malhotra I, Mungai P, King CL, Dent AE, , 2013. Transplacentally transferred functional antibodies against Plasmodium falciparum decrease with age. Acta Trop 128: 149153.[Crossref]
  5. Nankabirwa V, Tylleskar T, Nankunda J, Engebretsen IMS, Sommerfelt H, Tumwine JK, PROMISE EBF Research Consortium; , 2011. Malaria parasitaemia among infants and its association with breastfeeding peer counselling and vitamin A supplementation: a secondary analysis of a cluster randomized trial. PLoS One 6: e21862.[Crossref]
  6. Kalanda BF, Verhoeff FH, Brabin BJ, , 2006. Breast and complementary feeding practices in relation to morbidity and growth in Malawian infants. Eur J Clin Nutr 60: 401407.[Crossref]
  7. Ibadin O, Ofili N, Morrison O, Nkwuo E, , 2012. Exclusive breastfeeding and malaria in early infancy: experience from Benin City, Nigeria. J Med Biomed Res 11: 116122.
  8. Kalanda BF, Verhoeff FH, Brabin BJ, , 2006. Breast and complementary feeding practices in relation to morbidity and growth in Malawian infants. Eur J Clin Nutr 60: 401407.[Crossref]
  9. World Health Organization (WHO), 2013. WHO Recommendations on Postnatal Care of the Mother and Newborn. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO Press.
  10. Bhutta ZA, Das JK, Walker N, Rizvi A, Campbell H, Rudan I, Black RE, Lancet Diarrhoea and Pneumonia Interventions Study Group; , 2013. Interventions to address deaths from childhood pneumonia and diarrhoea equitably: what works and at what cost? Lancet 381: 14171429.[Crossref]
  11. Roberts TJ, Carnahan E, Gakidou E, , 2013. Can breastfeeding promote child health equity? A comprehensive analysis of breastfeeding patterns across the developing world and what we can learn from them. BMC Med 11: 12.[Crossref]
  12. Yotebieng M, Labbok M, Soeters H, Chalachala J, Lapika B, Vitta B, Behets F, , 2015. Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding programme to promote early initiation and exclusive breastfeeding in DR Congo: a cluster-randomized controlled trial. Lancet 9: e546e555.
  13. Plowe CV, Djimde A, Bouare M, Doumbo O, Wellems TE, , 1995. Pyrimethamine and proguanil resistance-conferring mutations in Plasmodium falciparum dihydrofolate reductase: polymerase chain reaction methods for surveillance in Africa. Am J Trop Med Hyg 52: 565568.
  14. World Health Organization (WHO), 2007. Indicators for Assessing Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices. Available at: http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/documents/9789241596664/en/. Accessed June 15, 2014.
  15. Ballard O, Morrow AL, , 2013. Human milk composition nutrients and bioactive factors. Pediatr Clin North Am 60: 49.[Crossref]
  16. Van de Perre P, , 2003. Transfer of antibody via mother's milk. Vaccine 21: 33743376.[Crossref]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.16-0011
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.16-0011
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 04 Jan 2016
  • Accepted : 06 Jun 2016

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error