Volume 95, Issue 4
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first 6 months of life. However, the effect of EBF on malaria risk remains unclear. In the present study, 137 EBF infants and 358 non-EBF infants from the Democratic Republic of the Congo were assessed for fever and malaria infections by polymerase chain reaction, at 6 months of age. EBF was associated with a reduced risk of clinical malaria (odds ratio = 0.13; 95% confidence interval = 0.00–0.80), suggesting a protective effect of EBF against malaria.


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  • Received : 04 Jan 2016
  • Accepted : 06 Jun 2016
  • Published online : 05 Oct 2016

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