Volume 94, Issue 1
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Melioidosis is a tropical disease of high mortality caused by the environmental bacterium, . We have collected clinical isolates from the highly endemic Northern Territory of Australia routinely since 1989, and animal and environmental isolates since 1991. Here we provide a complete record of all multilocus sequence types (STs) found in the Northern Territory to date, and distribution maps of the eight most common environmental STs. We observed surprisingly restricted geographic distributions of STs, which is contrary to previous reports suggesting widespread environmental dissemination of this bacterium. Our data suggest that from soil and water does not frequently disperse long distances following severe weather events or by migration of infected animals.


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  • Received : 26 Aug 2015
  • Accepted : 22 Sep 2015
  • Published online : 06 Jan 2016

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