1921
Volume 94, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract

Croatia is a focus for many rodent-borne zoonosis. Here, we report a survey of 242 rodents and small mammals, including 43 , 131 , 53 , three , six , four , one , and one , collected at eight sites in Croatia over an 8-year period. Multiplex MassTag polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used for detection of , , , , , , , and . Individual PCR assays were used for detection of , lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, orthopoxviruses, flaviviruses, hantaviruses, and . Of the rodents, 52 (21.5%) were infected with , 9 (3.7%) with , 5 (2%) with , 29 (12.0%) with , 8 (3.3%) with , 2 (0.8%) with , 4 (1.7%) with , 2 (0.8%) with , 43 (17.8%) with hantaviruses, and 1 (0.4%) with an orthopoxvirus. Other agents were not detected. Multiple infections were found in 32 rodents (13.2%): dual infections in 26 rodents (10.7%), triple infections in four rodents (2.9%), and quadruple infections in two rodents (0.8%). Our findings indicate that rodents in Croatia harbor a wide range of bacteria and viruses that are pathogenic to humans.

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2016-02-03
2017-09-26
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  • Received : 10 Jul 2015
  • Accepted : 02 Nov 2015

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