1921
Volume 94, Issue 3
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract

Although artemisinin resistance has yet to be reported in Africa, surveillance of the efficacy of artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) is warranted. Here, the efficacy of artesunate + sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine (AS + SP) and artemether–lumefantrine (AL) was evaluated in Mali. Randomized open-label comparative in vivo assay of AS + SP versus AL were carried out using the 28-day follow-up World Health Organization protocol. Patients with uncomplicated falciparum malaria and at least 6 months of age were recruited between October 2010 and January 2014. A subset of these patients was selected to measure clearance time. Polymerase chain reaction-corrected adequate clinical and parasitological responses were 100% for AS + SP and 98.2% for AL with no significant difference ( = 0.06). The reinfection rates were comparable ( = 0.63) with 8.0% for AS + SP and 12.6% for AL. Individuals under 8 years were more susceptible to treatment failure (relative risk = 1.9; 95% confidence interval = 1.2, 3.3). Median parasite clearance half-life was 1.7 hours (interquartile range [IQR] = 1.3–2.2) for AS + SP and 1.9 hours (IQR = 1.5–2.5) for AL with no statistically significant difference ( = 0.24). Efficacy of AS + SP and AL was high. This study provides baseline information on parasite clearance half-lives after ACT treatment, particularly AS + SP, in Mali.

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  • Received : 06 Jul 2015
  • Accepted : 06 Dec 2015

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