1921
Volume 93, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract

To determine the ciguatoxic potential of brown-marbled grouper () in relation to fish size and geographical origin, this review systematically analyzed: 1) reports of large ciguatera outbreaks and outbreaks with description of the fish size; 2) Pacific ciguatoxin (P-CTX) profiles and levels and mouse bioassay results in fish samples from ciguatera incidents; 3) P-CTX profiles and levels and risk of toxicity in relation to fish size and origin; 4) regulatory measures restricting fish trade and fish size preference of the consumers. P-CTX levels in flesh and size dependency of toxicity indicate that the risk of ciguatera after eating varies with its geographical origin. For a large-sized grouper, it is necessary to establish legal size limits and control measures to protect public health and prevent overfishing. More risk assessment studies are required for to determine the size threshold above which the risk of ciguatera significantly increases.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.15-0434
2015-11-04
2019-04-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/93/5/1117.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.15-0434&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Lewis RJ, , 2006. Ciguatera: Australian perspectives on a global problem. Toxicon 48: 799809.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  2. FAO, 2004. Ciguatera fish poisoning. Marine Biotoxins. FAO Food and Nutrition Paper 80. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 185218. [Google Scholar]
  3. Litaker RW, Vandersea MW, Faust MA, Kibler SR, Nau AW, Holland WC, Chinain M, Holmes MJ, Tester PA, , 2010. Global distribution of ciguatera causing dinoflagellates in the genus Gambierdiscus . Toxicon 56: 711730.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  4. Skinner MP, Brewer TD, Johnstone R, Fleming LE, Lewis RJ, , 2011. Ciguatera fish poisoning in the Pacific Islands (1998 to 2008). PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5: e1416.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  5. Gillespie NC, Lewis RJ, Pearn JH, Bourke AT, Holmes MJ, Bourke JB, Shields WJ, , 1986. Ciguatera in Australia. Occurrence, clinical features, pathophysiology and management. Med J Aust 145: 584590. [Google Scholar]
  6. Toda M, Uneyama C, Toyofuku H, Morikawa K, , 2012. Trends of food poisonings caused by natural toxins in Japan, 1989–2011. Food Hyg Saf Sci. Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi 53: 105120.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  7. Chan TYK, , 2014. Epidemiology and clinical features of ciguatera fish poisoning in Hong Kong. Toxins (Basel) 6: 29892997.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  8. Chan TYK, , 2015. Emergence and epidemiology of ciguatera in the the coastal cities of southern China. Mar Drugs 13: 11751184.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  9. Chan TYK, , 2015. Ciguatera fish poisoning in east Asia and southeast Asia. Mar Drugs 13: 34663478.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  10. Chan TYK, , 2013. Ciguatera caused by consumption of humphead wrasse. Toxicon 76: 255259.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  11. Chan TYK, , 2014. Large outbreaks of ciguatera after consumption of brown marbled grouper. Toxins (Basel) 6: 20412049.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  12. Anonymous, 2014. Length-Weight Parameters for Epinephelus fuscoguttatus. Available at: http://www.fishbase.org/PopDyn/LWRelationshipList.php?ID=4460&GenusName=Epinephelus&SpeciesName=fuscoguttatus&fc=289. Accessed May 25, 2015. [Google Scholar]
  13. Department of Health. Health alert on consumption of big tiger grouper. Available online: http://www.dh.gov.hk/english/press/1998/14_05_98.html. Accessed May 25, 2015.
  14. Centre for Food Safety, 2010. Food Safety Focus (Hong Kong), 51st Issue. Ciguatera Fish Poisoning. Available at: http://www.cfs.gov.hk/english/multimedia/multimedia_pub/files/FSF51_2010-10-20.pdf. Accessed May 25, 2015. [Google Scholar]
  15. Luo HD, Bai YY, Zhou N, , 2011. Study of three ciguatera fish poisoning cases in Xiamen city in 2005. Chin J Prev Med 45: 512515. [Google Scholar]
  16. Wen YM, Wu GJ, , 2007. Clinical analysis of ciguatera poisoning. China Prac Med 2: 7475. [Google Scholar]
  17. Hong YF, Liu HB, Hu HS, Tian ZH, , 1998. Case reports of poisoning caused by eating sea fish together. Guangdong J Health Epidemic Prev 24: 4849. [Google Scholar]
  18. Chen SZ, , 2005. First aid and nursing for 64 patients with colony ciguatera toxins poisoning. Mod Hosp 5: 7879. [Google Scholar]
  19. Liao QG, Sui MS, Chen JP, , 2005. Outbreak of ciguatoxin poisoning in 59 patients. Chin J Emerg Med 14: 663666. [Google Scholar]
  20. Mo BX, Su YN, Yang JL, , 2010. Cardioprotective effect on shenmai injection on ciguatera poisoning. J Med Theor Prac 23: 806807. [Google Scholar]
  21. Zhong WJ, Wu GF, , 2006. Ciguatera poisoning in patients with clinical manifestations of cardiovascular system. New Chin Med 37: 316317. [Google Scholar]
  22. Hu YM, Chen WQ, Guan QX, Li X, , 2005. Clinical analysis of 132 cases of ciguatera poisoning. Chin J Intern Med 44: 778779. [Google Scholar]
  23. Liu ZX, Wei HC, Lin Z, Zhang XB, Song ZB, Wu YX, Meng JY, Tan XH, , 2006. Clinical analysis of a collective ciguatoxin poisoning accident in a banquet. China Trop Med 6: 16891691. [Google Scholar]
  24. Stewart I, Lewis RJ, Eaglesham GK, Graham GC, Poole S, Craig SB, , 2010. Emerging tropical diseases in Australia. Part 2. Ciguatera fish poisoning. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 104: 557571.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  25. Stewart I, Eaglesham GK, Poole S, Graham G, Paulo C, Wickramasinghe W, Sadler R, Shaw GR, , 2010. Establishing a public health analytical service based on chemical methods for detecting and quantifying Pacific ciguatoxin in fish samples. Toxicon 56: 804812.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  26. Oshiro N, Sakugawa S, , 2009. Food poisoning and consumer complaint cases caused by chemicals and natural toxins in Okinawa – FY2008. Okinawa Inst Environ Health 43: 181184. [Google Scholar]
  27. Yogi K, Oshiro N, Inafuku Y, Hirama M, Yasumoto T, , 2011. Detailed LC-MS/MS analysis of ciguatoxins revealing distinct regional and species characteristics in fish and causative alga from the Pacific. Anal Chem 83: 88868891.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  28. Yogi K, Sakugawa S, Oshiro N, Ikehara T, Sugiyama K, Yasumoto T, , 2014. Determination of toxins involved in ciguatera fish poisoning in the Pacific by LC/MS. J AOAC Int 97: 398402.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  29. Oshiro N, Yogi K, Asato S, Sasaki T, Tamanaha K, Hirama M, Yasumoto T, Inafuku Y, , 2010. Ciguatera incidence and fish toxicity in Okinawa, Japan. Toxicon 56: 656661.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  30. Chan WH, Mak YL, Wu JJ, Jin L, Sit WH, Lam JC, Sadovy de Mitcheson Y, Chan LL, Lam PK, Murphy MB, , 2011. Spatial distribution of ciguateric fish in the Republic of Kiribati. Chemosphere 84: 117123.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  31. Wu JJ, Mak YL, Murphy MB, Lam JCW, Chan WH, Wang M, Chan LL, Lam PKS, , 2011. Validation of an accelerated solvent extraction liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for Pacific ciguatoxin-1 in fish flesh and comparison with the mouse neuroblastoma assay. Anal Bioanal Chem 400: 31653175.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  32. Mak YL, Wai TC, Murphy MB, Chan WH, Wu JJ, Lam JCW, Chan LL, Lam PKS, , 2013. Pacific ciguatoxins in food web components of coral reef systems in the Republic of Kiribati. Environ Sci Technol 47: 1407014079.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  33. Clua E, Brena PF, Lecasble C, Ghnassia R, Chauvet C, , 2011. Prevalence and proposal for cost-effective management of the ciguatera risk in the Noumea fish market, New Caledonia (South Pacific). Toxicon 58: 591601.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  34. Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland Government, 2014. Size, Take and Possession Limits for Tidal Waters. Available at: https://www.daf.qld.gov.au/fisheries/recreational/rules-regulations/size-possession-limits-tidal. Accessed May 25, 2015. [Google Scholar]
  35. Sydney Fish Market Pty Ltd, 2005. Schedule of Ciguatera High-Risk Areas and Species Size Limits. Available at: http://www.sydneyfishmarket.com.au/Portals/0/Ciguatera_Schedule.pdf. Accessed May 25, 2015. [Google Scholar]
  36. Pears R, , 2002. Flowery by name: ferocious by nature. Fish Newsl 1: 3. [Google Scholar]
  37. Awira R, Friedman K, Sauni S, Kronen M, Pinca S, Chapman L, Magron F, , 2008. Kiribati Country Report: Profiles and Results from Survey Work at Abaiang, Abemama, Kuria and Kiritimati (May to November 2004). Noumea, New Caledonia: Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Coastal Fisheries Programme. [Google Scholar]
  38. McGilvraya F, Chan TTC, , 2002. The trade in live reef food fish: A Hong Kong perspective. Aguaculture Asia 7: 2126. [Google Scholar]
  39. Laurent D, Yeeting B, Labrosse P, Gaudechoux JP, , 2005. Ciguatera: Field Reference Guide Noumea, New Caledonia: Secretariat of the Pacific Community and Institute of Research for Development. [Google Scholar]
  40. Letourneur Y, Kulbicki M, Labrosse P, , 1998. Length-weight relationship of fishes from coral reefs and lagoons of New Caledonia: an update. Naga ICLARM Q 21: 3946. [Google Scholar]
  41. Sadovy Y, , 1998. Marketing and monitoring live reef fishes in Hong Kong, an update. SPC Live Reef Fish Inform Bull 4: 4751. [Google Scholar]
  42. Withers NW, , 1982. Ciguatera fish poisoning. Annu Rev Med 33: 97111.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  43. Hashimoto Y, Yasamoto T, , 1965. A note on ciguatera poisoning in Okinawa and the toxin of a grouper, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus Forskal. Bull Jap Soc Sci Fish 31: 452458.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  44. Shakeel H, Ahmed H, , 1997. Exploitation of reef resources, grouper and other food fishes in the Maldives. SPC Live Reef Fish Inform Bull 2: 1420. [Google Scholar]
  45. European Food Safety Authority, 2010. Scientific opinion on marine biotoxins in shellfish – emerging toxins: ciguatoxin group. EFSA J 8: 1627.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  46. Centre for Food Safety, 2012. Food Safety Ordinance (Chapter 612). Available at: http://www.cfs.gov.hk/english/whatsnew/whatsnew_fstr/whatsnew_fstr_Food_Safety_Bill.html. Accessed May 25, 2015. [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.15-0434
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.15-0434
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 15 Jun 2015
  • Accepted : 18 Jul 2015
  • Published online : 04 Nov 2015

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error