Volume 93, Issue 6
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



In the Fogarty International Clinical Research Scholars and Fellows (FICRS-F) Program, 536 U.S. and international doctoral and postdoctoral health profession students and trainees completed 1-year research training at research centers in low- and middle-income countries. To evaluate the Program's impact, we analyzed data gathered prospectively during the Program, from PubMed, and from a representative survey of alumni. Of 100 randomly selected respondents, 94 returned the survey. Reflecting the sources of funding, human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome was the focus of 47% of the projects, but research in noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and dual infection/NCD-related topics increased over time. Among the first 1,617 alumni publications, output was associated positively with being an international versus U.S. trainee, a postdoctoral Fellow versus predoctoral Scholar, and accumulation of more years post-training (all < 0.001). Fellows were first author on a higher proportion of their articles than were Scholars ( < 0.001), and U.S. trainees were more often first author than international trainees ( = 0.04). Survey respondents had submitted 117 grant applications, and 79 (67.5%) had been funded. The FICRS-F Program yielded substantial research productivity in the early post-training years. Research outputs and impact will increase over time as alumni careers mature and they gain research independence and assume leadership positions.


Article metrics loading...

The graphs shown below represent data from March 2017
Loading full text...

Full text loading...



  1. Heimburger DC, Lem C, Gardner P, Primack A, Warner TL, Vermund SH, , 2011. Nurturing the global workforce in clinical research: the NIH Fogarty International Clinical Scholars and Fellows Program. Am J Trop Med Hyg 85: 971978.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  2. Shah SK, Nodell B, Montano SM, Behrens C, Zunt JR, , 2011. Clinical research and global health: mentoring the next generation of health care students. Glob Public Health 6: 234246.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  3. McElmurry BJ, Misner SJ, Buseh AG, , 2003. Minority International Research Training Program: global collaboration in nursing research. J Prof Nurs 19: 2231.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  4. Freedman DO, Gotuzzo E, Seas C, Legua P, Plier DA, Vermund SH, Casebeer LL, , 2002. Educational programs to enhance medical expertise in tropical diseases: the Gorgas Course experience 1996–2001. Am J Trop Med Hyg 66: 526532. [Google Scholar]
  5. Drain PK, Holmes KK, Skeff KM, Hall TL, Gardner P, , 2009. Global health training and international clinical rotations during residency: current status, needs, and opportunities. Acad Med 84: 320325.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  6. Heimburger DC, Warner TL, Carothers CL, Blevins M, Thomas Y, Gardner P, Primack A, Vermund SH, , 2013. Recruiting trainees for a global health research workforce: the NIH Fogarty International Clinical Research Scholars Program selection process. Am J Trop Med Hyg 89: 281287.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  7. Heimburger DC, Warner TL, Carothers CL, Blevins M, Thomas Y, Gardner P, Primack A, Vermund SH, , 2014. Recruiting postdoctoral fellows into global health research: selecting NIH Fogarty International Clinical Research Fellows. Am J Trop Med Hyg 91: 219224.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  8. Available at: http://www.fic.nih.gov/Programs/Pages/scholars-fellows-global-health.aspx. Accessed May 10, 2015.
  9. Carothers CL, Heimburger DC, Schlachter S, Gardner P, Primack A, Warner TL, Vermund SH, , 2014. Training programs within global networks: lessons learned in the Fogarty International Clinical Research Scholars and Fellows Program. Am J Trop Med Hyg 90: 173179.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  10. Bearnot B, Coria A, Barnett BS, Clark EH, Gartland MG, Jaganath D, Mendenhall E, Seu L, Worjoloh AG, Carothers CL, Vermund SH, Heimburger DC, , 2014. Global health research in narrative: a qualitative look at the FICRS-F experience. Am J Trop Med Hyg 91: 863868.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  11. Heimburger DC, Carothers CL, Blevins M, Warner TL, Vermund SH, , 2015. Impact of Intensive Global Health Research Training on Career Trajectories: the Fogarty International Clinical Research Scholars and Fellows Program. Am J Trop Med Hyg 93: 655661.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  12. Vermund SH, Narayan KM, Glass RI, , 2014. Chronic diseases in HIV survivors. Sci Transl Med 6: 241ed14.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  13. Jaacks LM, Ali MK, Bartlett J, Bloomfield GS, Checkley W, Gaziano TA, Heimburger DC, Kishore SP, Kohler RK, Lipska KJ, Manders O, Ngaruiya C, Peck R, Burroughs Pena M, Watkins D, Siegel KR, Narayan KM, , 2015. Global non-communicable disease research: opportunities and challenges. Ann Intern Med 163: 712714. [Google Scholar]
  14. Kasper J, Bajunirwe F, , 2012. Brain drain in sub-Saharan Africa: contributing factors, potential remedies and the role of academic medical centres. Arch Dis Child 97: 973979.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  15. Tankwanchi AB, Ozden C, Vermund SH, , 2013. Physician emigration from sub-Saharan Africa to the United States: analysis of the 2011 AMA Physician Masterfile. PLoS Med 10: e1001513. Erratum in: PLoS Med10: 24068894.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  16. Tankwanchi AB, Vermund SH, Perkins DD, , 2015. Monitoring Sub-Saharan African physician migration and recruitment post-adoption of the WHO Code of Practice: temporal and geographic patterns in the United States. PLoS One 10: e0124734.[Crossref] [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 12 Jun 2015
  • Accepted : 03 Aug 2015
  • Published online : 09 Dec 2015

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error