1921
Volume 93, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract

Monitoring infection in mosquitoes (xenomonitoring) can play an important role in determining when lymphatic filariasis has been eliminated, or in focusing control efforts. As mosquito infection rates can be low, a method for collecting large numbers of mosquitoes is necessary. Gravid traps collected large numbers of in Tanzania, and a collection method that targets mosquitoes that have already fed could result in increased sensitivity in detecting -infected mosquitoes. The aim of this experiment was to test this hypothesis by comparing U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) light traps with CDC gravid traps in northeastern Tanzania, where is a vector of lymphatic filariasis. After an initial study where small numbers of mosquitoes were collected, a second study collected 16,316 in 60 gravid trap-nights and 240 light trap-nights. Mosquitoes were pooled and tested for presence of DNA. Light and gravid traps collected similar numbers of mosquitoes per trap-night, but the physiological status of the mosquitoes was different. The estimated infection rate in mosquitoes collected in light traps was considerably higher than in mosquitoes collected in gravid traps, so light traps can be a useful tool for xenomonitoring work in Tanzania.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.15-0234
2015-11-04
2017-09-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/93/5/983.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.15-0234&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. WHO, 2011. Global programme to eliminate lymphatic filariasis: progress report on mass drug administration, 2010. Wkly Epidemiol Rec 35: 377388.
  2. WHO, 1997. Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis as a Public Health Problem. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO.
  3. GAELF Addiss D, , 2010. Half-time in LF elimination: teaming up with NTDs. Sixth Meeting of the Global Alliance to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis. , ed. Seoul, Korea.
  4. Weil GJ, Lammie PJ, Weiss N, , 1997. The ICT Filariasis Test: a rapid-format antigen test for diagnosis of bancroftian filariasis. Parasitol Today 13: 401404.[Crossref]
  5. Bockarie MJ, , 2007. Molecular xenomonitoring of lymphatic filariasis. Am J Trop Med Hyg 77: 591592.
  6. Bockarie MJ, Fischer P, Williams SA, Zimmerman PA, Griffin L, Alpers MP, Kazura JW, , 2000. Application of a polymerase chain reaction-ELISA to detect Wuchereria bancrofti in pools of wild-caught Anopheles punctulatus in a filariasis control area in Papua New Guinea. Am J Trop Med Hyg 62: 363367.
  7. Rwegoshora RT, Simonsen PE, Meyrowitsch DW, Malecela-Lazaro MN, Michael E, Pedersen EM, , 2007. Bancroftian filariasis: house-to-house variation in the vectors and transmission—and the relationship to human infection—in an endemic community of coastal Tanzania. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 101: 5160.[Crossref]
  8. Simonsen PE, Pedersen EM, Rwegoshora RT, Malecela MN, Derua YA, Magesa SM, , 2010. Lymphatic filariasis control in Tanzania: effect of repeated mass drug administration with ivermectin and albendazole on infection and transmission. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4: e696.[Crossref]
  9. Bockarie MJ, Hii JLK, Alexander NDE, Bockarie F, Dagoro H, Kazura JW, Alpers MP, , 1999. Mass treatment with ivermectin for filariasis control in Papua New Guinea: impact on mosquito survival. Med Vet Entomol 13: 120123.[Crossref]
  10. Silver JB, , 2008. Mosquito Ecology: Field Sampling Methods. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.[Crossref]
  11. Harrison BA, Whitt PB, Roberts LF, Lehman JA, Lindsey NP, Nasci RS, Hansen GR, , 2009. Rapid assessment of mosquitoes and arbovirus activity after floods in southeastern Kansas, 2007. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 25: 265271.[Crossref]
  12. Reisen W, Lothrop H, Chiles R, Madon M, Cossen C, Woods L, Husted S, Kramer V, Edman J, , 2004. West Nile virus in California. Emerg Infect Dis 10: 13691378.[Crossref]
  13. Reiter P, Jakob WL, Francy DB, Mullenix JB, , 1986. Evaluation of the CDC gravid trap for the surveillance of St. Louis encephalitis vectors in Memphis, Tennessee. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 2: 209211.
  14. Williams GM, Gingrich JB, , 2007. Comparison of light traps, gravid traps, and resting boxes for West Nile virus surveillance. J Vector Ecol 32: 285291.[Crossref]
  15. Lukacik G, Anand M, Shusas EJ, Howard JJ, Oliver J, Chen H, Backenson PB, Kauffman EB, Bernard KA, Kramer LD, White DJ, , 2006. West Nile virus surveillance in mosquitoes in New York State, 2000–2004. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 22: 264271.[Crossref]
  16. Muturi EJ, Mwangangi J, Shililu J, Muriu S, Jacob B, Mbogo CM, John G, Novak R, , 2007. Evaluation of four sampling techniques for surveillance of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) and other mosquitoes in African rice agroecosystems. J Med Entomol 44: 503508.[Crossref]
  17. Irish SR, Moore SJ, Derua YA, Bruce J, Cameron MM, , 2013. Evaluation of gravid traps for the collection of Culex quinquefasciatus, a vector of lymphatic filariasis in Tanzania. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 107: 1522.[Crossref]
  18. White GB, , 1971. Studies on transmission of bancroftian filariasis in north-eastern Tanzania. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 65: 819829.[Crossref]
  19. Meyrowitsch DW, Pedersen EM, Alifrangis M, Scheike TH, Malecela MN, Magesa SM, Derua YA, Rwegoshora RT, Michael E, Simonsen PE, , 2011. Is the current decline in malaria burden in sub-Saharan Africa due to a decrease in vector population? Malar J 10: 188.[Crossref]
  20. Edwards FW, , 1941. Mosquitoes of the Ethiopian Region. III. Culicine Adults and Pupae. London, United Kingdom: British Museum.
  21. Gillies MT, De Meillon B, , 1968. The Anophelinae of Africa South of the Sahara, Vol. 54. Johannesburg, South Africa: Publications of the South African Institute for Medical Research.
  22. Gillies MT, Coetzee M, , 1987. A Supplement to the Anophelinae of Africa South of the Sahara (Afrotropical Region), Vol. 55. Johannesburg, South Africa: Publications of the South African Institute for Medical Research.
  23. Service MW, , 1990. Handbook to the Afrotropical Toxorhynchitine and Culicine Mosquitoes, Excepting Aedes and Culex. London, United Kingdom: British Museum.
  24. Chambers EW, McClintock SK, Avery MF, King JD, Bradley MH, Schmaedick MA, Lammie PJ, Burkot TR, , 2009. Xenomonitoring of Wuchereria bancrofti and Dirofilaria immitis infections in mosquitoes from American Samoa: trapping considerations and a comparison of polymerase chain reaction assays with dissection. Am J Trop Med Hyg 80: 774781.
  25. Katholi CR, Toé L, Merriweather A, Unnasch TR, , 1995. Determining the prevalence of Onchocerca volvulus infection in vector populations by PCR screen of pools of black flies. J Infect Dis 172: 14141417.[Crossref]
  26. Dabire RK, Diabate A, Baldet T, Pare-Toe L, Guiguemde RT, Ouedraogo JB, Skovmand O, , 2006. Personal protection of long lasting insecticide-treated nets in areas of Anopheles gambiae s.s. resistance to pyrethroids. Malar J 5: 12.
  27. Magbity EB, Lines JD, Marbiah MT, David K, Peterson E, , 2002. How reliable are light traps in estimating biting rates of adult Anopheles gambiae s.l. (Diptera: Culicidae) in the presence of treated bed nets? Bull Entomol Res 92: 7176.[Crossref]
  28. Alencar J, Silva JDS, Oliveira LCM, Marcondes CB, Morone F, Lorosa ES, , 2012. Feeding patterns of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) from eastern Santa Catarina State, Brazil. J Med Entomol 49: 952954.[Crossref]
  29. Pichon G, , 2002. Limitation and facilitation in the vectors and other aspects of the dynamics of filarial transmission: the need for vector control against Anopheles-transmitted filariasis. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 96: S143S152.[Crossref]
  30. Bockarie MJ, Alexander NDE, Hyun P, Dimber Z, Bockarie F, Ibam E, Alpers MP, Kazura JW, , 1998. Randomised community-based trial of annual single-dose diethylcarbamazine with or without ivermectin against Wuchereria bancrofti infection in human beings and mosquitoes. Lancet 351: 162168.[Crossref]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.15-0234
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.15-0234
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 25 Mar 2015
  • Accepted : 14 Jul 2015

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error