Volume 93, Issue 5
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645



Monitoring infection in mosquitoes (xenomonitoring) can play an important role in determining when lymphatic filariasis has been eliminated, or in focusing control efforts. As mosquito infection rates can be low, a method for collecting large numbers of mosquitoes is necessary. Gravid traps collected large numbers of in Tanzania, and a collection method that targets mosquitoes that have already fed could result in increased sensitivity in detecting -infected mosquitoes. The aim of this experiment was to test this hypothesis by comparing U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) light traps with CDC gravid traps in northeastern Tanzania, where is a vector of lymphatic filariasis. After an initial study where small numbers of mosquitoes were collected, a second study collected 16,316 in 60 gravid trap-nights and 240 light trap-nights. Mosquitoes were pooled and tested for presence of DNA. Light and gravid traps collected similar numbers of mosquitoes per trap-night, but the physiological status of the mosquitoes was different. The estimated infection rate in mosquitoes collected in light traps was considerably higher than in mosquitoes collected in gravid traps, so light traps can be a useful tool for xenomonitoring work in Tanzania.


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  • Received : 25 Mar 2015
  • Accepted : 14 Jul 2015
  • Published online : 04 Nov 2015

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